If you are planning to get married in the Netherlands, this guide explains the paperwork and processes for arranging a Dutch wedding.
If you're planning to conduct your wedding in the Netherlands, you'll need to sort out the red tape in preparation for a wedding among the tulips. It can also be difficult to get legally married in the Netherlands if you don't have ties to the country, so it's important to check the requirements for a Dutch wedding, which are outlined below.
Getting married in the Netherlands
Only civil ceremonies are legally recognised in the Netherlands. After the civil ceremony at the registry office, couples often have a religious or secular ceremony as part of their celebration. Both heterosexual and same-sex couples in the Netherlands can get married, be in a registered partnership, create a legally binding de facto agreement, or simply cohabit without any legal status.
In 2001, the Netherlands was the first country to legalise same-sex marriage. Both heterosexual and same-sex couples can get married (trouwen) or enter into a registered partnership (een geregistreerd partnerschap). In most cases, the procedures and weddings abroad are identical for both heterosexual and same-sex couples, and for marriage and registered partnerships, so unless otherwise stated you can assume that the information below applies to all those circumstances.
All marriages must be registered with the Registrar of Births, Deaths, Marriages and Registered Partnerships. This includes marriages conducted abroad, so if you have a destination wedding be sure to visit the municipal authority on your return to register your changed state. If you get married in the Netherlands, the registration is automatic.
You must give notice of your intention to marry (ondertrouw) at least 14 days before your ceremony. You give notice at the municipal authority where at least one spouse lives. It is strongly advised that you give notice one to three months in advance of the wedding, as the paperwork can take more than 14 days, particularly if one or both of you is not Dutch. Once notice has been given, it is valid for 12 months, after which you must reapply.
To get married in the Netherlands, at least one partner must be Dutch or resident in the Netherlands. Both must be over 18 and not already married or in a registered partnership. This is the case for both heterosexual and same-sex couples.
Marriage or registered partnership?
The process is nearly identical, but two main differences are:
Documentation for a Dutch civil ceremony
Expect to have to provide:
A notarised translation is typically required for any documents not in Dutch. Foreign documents may have to be authorised with an Apostille stamp or equivalent, also known as 'Apostillisation' or 'legalisation'. The issuing authority stamps a document with an unique ID, indicating that it is a true and accurate copy to be recognised internationally.
Dutch wedding ceremonies
Dutch civil ceremonies take place at your local town hall, and accommodations vary. In some cases, it is possible to bring a few dozen guests or have a small reception for an additional fee; in others the space is limited.
You must have two to four witnesses, and they will need to bring ID. The ceremony will be in Dutch, so if you, your partner, or your witnesses are not fluent in that language, you should bring a translator. They do not typically need to be a certified professional, but should be competent.
Giving notice that you intend to marry is typically free of charge. There may be charges if additional documents are required. In some areas (including Amsterdam) free civil wedding/partnership ceremonies are offered at certain times, otherwise you may be required to pay a small fee.
The default in the Netherlands is that married couples own all property in common, including inheritance and previous property, and have joint liability for each others' debts. A prenuptial agreement, known as a marriage contract (huwelijkse voorwaarden) can be used to exclude certain properties from this state. It must be drawn up and witnessed by a notary.
Unmarried couples may already have a formal cohabitation agreement (samenlevingscontract), drawn up in a similar fashion. This is not an impediment to marriage. It is typically voided by marriage, and should be replaced by a marriage contract if you do not wish to follow the legal default.
Couples keep their own names for official documents. However, they may use either name or hyphenate both surnames in informal settings. As an example, a passport must continue to read F Surname, while the mail box could read F Surname and J Spouse, F & J Surname-Spouse, F & J Spouse, or other variations. Combining the two surnames into a new one is not permitted.
This applies to both heterosexual and same-sex couples, whether they are married or in a registered partnership. A name change typically costs EUR 865.